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Html stands for Hypertext Markup Language. HTML was invented by Tim Berners Lee and in the year 1991 it was first mentioned in public. Html is Markup Language and using which we can create a web page and which can also be used by the browser to manipulate text, images and other contents to display it in the required format. we can also design our website using Markup languages. It is not a programming language because it does not do or has any logic which a programming language has like it doesn't have any conditional statement like if\else ...etc.
The format of html is document type. HTML is developed and owned by World Wide Web Consortium(W3C) and WHATWG Basically html document is a plain text file that contains only text .
Html code can be run on any browser like Google chrome, Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, etc., The html code can be written and run without the internet connection i.e we can run the html code with the help of our local machine in our system.